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Three Step Sparring

  • Alone

  • With a Companion

  • Two Way *With a Companion

Two Step Sparring 

One Step Sparring

Semi Free & Free

  • One Against One

  • Two Against One

  • Two Against Two

  • Other Combination

Model & Foot Technique & Pre Arranged Free

  • One Against One

  • Two Against One

  • Three or More Against One

It is practiced as the name denotes, under prearranged modes with various assumptions, for example: 

  • the number of steps to be taken 

  • the target to be attacked 

  • the attacking tool to be used 

      are agreed upon beforehand between the players

Three Step Sparring (Sambo Matsogi): There are two methods of practice.

-One Way

  1. The attacker steps forward with the attack (three times)

  2. the defender defends (three times) 

  3. then counters.

-Two Way

  1. The attacker steps backwards and attacks (three times)

  2. while the defender steps forward and defends (three times),

  3. then counters. 

Step Sparring, ITF Taekwon-Do, General Choi Hong Hi

Two Step Sparring (Ibo Matsogi)

The main purpose of this sparring is to make use of a mix of hand and foot parts, therefore, the attacker must use both the hand and foot alternately. It is , however, entirely optional whether the attacker uses the hand or foot first.


One Step Sparring (Ilbo Matsogi)

*This type embodies the ultimate goals of Taekwon-Do: 

to attain victory with a single seasoned blow

The attacker signals that they are about to attack and once the defender has signalled that they are ready the attacker may attack using ANY technique. The defender should block, dodge or intercept the attack and then counter, preferably whilst only stepping once.

Prearranged Sparring (Yaksok Matsogi)

Semi Free

The attacker starts in a Guarding stance:

  1. performs three random attacks 

  2. the defender must block the first two and then has the option of blocking or dodging the third.

  3. the defender must then counter


When you are alone the attacking role is the same, when defending you must block the attacks that you used. This is much harder than with a companion in that you have to remember which attacks were used and imagine them coming towards you.

With a Companion

This is the standard, it is quite easy so long as your partner gives you a chance to block, you should gradually build up your speed rather than starting off at one hundred percent.

Semi Free Sparring (Ban Jayu Matsogi)

Students start in an L-stance Guarding Block, at the command of commence:

  1. one will attack with only one series of attacks 

  2. the other will defend  

  3. then they swap roles

this continues for a short period only. The distance between the practitioners types of attack/defence, targets etc., can all be adjusted including the number of steps taken. It is the last step before the student begins Free Sparring.


Free Sparring (Jayu Matsogi)

Any attack or defence is allowed and should be executed to an appropriate target - BUT the attacking tool must always stop short of the target to prevent serious injury or death. Normally in competitions and in practice, only attacks above the belt and to the front of the opponent are permitted.


A good defence will mean that your opponent only has a few targets that he is capable of attacking to. This gives you the advantage as you know where he is likely to attack to and can be ready to counter when he is vulnerable - i.e. during his attack. To guarantee victory every time you must know your opponent as well as oneself.

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